The ship's log of the voyage that brought Prince Charles Edward Stuart to Scotland is here.
The Hinchingbrooke drawings are referred here.
Engagement between the Ships "Lion" and "Elizabeth," 1745.
By Samuel SCOTT.
This desperate, and sanguinary engagement was fought on the 9th of July, 1745. The "Lion" had fifty-eight guns, and four hundred and forty men, and was commanded by Captain Piercy Brett. The "Elizabeth," a sixty-four gun ship, was convoying another, of sixteen guns, with the Pretender on board. They fought for five hours, within pistol shot of each other, during which time, the frigate, with the Pretender on board, managed to make her escape. The "Elizabeth" also at length, effected her entrance into Brest Harbour. She had £400,000 on board, for the use of Charles Edward. The "Lion," unable to pursue, lay a complete wreck on the water. The actual location of the battle is not entirely clear - according to Johnstone it was Sea battle 47° 57' N and 39 leagues west of the Lizard. By the Log of the Du Teillay:
Wednesday 21 July N.S. (9 July O.S.)
47° 5' N, 5° 3' W. The longitude is manifestly “Greenwich.”
According to the Log of the Dutillet At half-past 5 in the evening the English ship was on the beam of the Elisabeth. Sea Battle between Lion and Elisabeth
This is from Biographia navalis; or, Impartial memoirs of the lives and Character of officers of the Navy of Great Britain—Volume 5 By John Charnock – London 1797 Page 240.
Samuel Scott (1702-1772)
The historic encounter between H.M.S. Lion and two French vessels, one of which was carrying 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' en route to Scotland to kindle the second Jacobite Rebellion, 9th July 1745
oil on canvas
40½ x 60 in. (102.7 x 152.3 cm.)
in carved and gilded frame. There are three versions of this:
As Kingzett establishes in considerable detail, this, the first of Scott's three versions of the subject (the others are in the Sandwich and Molesworth St. Aubyn collection), is from the series of canvasses Scott painted for the Hall at Shugborough, Staffordshire. The house had been inherited by Thomas Anson in 1720 but his childless brother, Admiral George Anson, who in 1757 was enobled as Lord Anson, contributed to its adornment, and the statement that the picture was painted for him is thus very probably correct. The series is documented in a letter by the Admiral's wife, Lady Anson, of 1750, in which the present picture The Lyon and Elizabeth and its pendant The Taking of the Acapulco Ship, now at Greenwich, are stated to have flanked the door to the dining room. Of the series, The Nottingham and The Mars and The Destruction of Payta are also at Greenwich, while the identity of other components is considered by Kingzett (p. 131).
Painted for Admiral, Lord Anson (1682-1762) and placed in the Hall at Shugborough, Staffordshire.
The Hon. and Rev. Thomas Keppel, by 1845, and by descent to Major W.G. Keppel.
Sotheby's, 24 June 1931, as 'Monamy' (bt. Harvey for the following).
John, 4th Marquess of Bute (1881-1947) and by descent at Mount Stuart.
Friday 23 July, 1745 NS continuing for Scotland.
A VIEW of the third part of the Engagement between the LYON, ELIZABETH and Frigate. The Frigate seeing the LYON's Mizen mast shot away and his Sails and Rigging very much shatter'd, bears down under his Stern to rake him, but is beat off by his Stern chace.
THE SEA FIGHT—THIRD STAGE.
Drawing No. 3 by Samuel Scott, at Hinchingbrooke. By kind permission of Lord Sandwich and the Naval Museum, Greenwich.
A VIEW of the fourth and last part of the Engagement between the LYON and ELIZABETH. The Enemy, who for four hours had the weather gage of the LYON, at ten at Night becomes the leewardmost Ship, by the Wind shifting, and takes that opportunity of making off, which was not in his power while he was to windward, notwithstanding the LYON was so much shatter'd. As he was shearing off, the LYON rak'd him, but he made no return, and when he was out of Gun shot, the Frigate join'd him, and they made the best of their way directly before ye Wind, but the LYON was not in a condition to pursue them.
THE SEA FIGHT—LAST STAGE.
Drawing No. 4 by Samuel Scott, at Hinchingbrooke.
According to Le Maréchal de Camp Baron de Warren by Léon Lallement—L’Élisabeth arriva à Brest également en très mauvais état le 27.
Here is a very large Map showing the route of the Du Teillay (La Doutelle).