THE DARK HISTORY OF THE TEMPLARS
crusades were a barbaric attack on the Middle Eastern Muslim population,
living in peace.
Although the crusaders are commonly thought to have been
motivated by their deep Christian faith, crusades were actually wars inspired
by avarice. At a time of utmost poverty and misery prevalent in the West,
the attractions of the East-in particular, the Muslim societies' wealth
and prosperity-played on the minds of Europeans, especially those in the
Church. These attractions, bolstered with Christian teachings, begot the
crusaders' mindset, seemly motivated by religion but actually motivated
by worldly designs. This is the reason why Christians, who had followed
more or less peaceful policies in the previous 1,000 years, suddenly began
to display an appetite for war-specifically, the "liberation" of the holy
city of Jerusalem and Palestine as a whole.
We can retrace the beginnings of the crusades to November
1095, when Pope Urban II gathered the Council of Clermont. Three hundred
members of the clergy convened under his chairmanship. The pacifist doctrines
that had dominated Christendom were abandoned, laying the foundations
for the conquest. At the close of the Council, Urban II announced this
state of affairs in his famous speech to a congregation that comprised
all social classes, demanding that Christians stop the infighting and
warring among themselves. The Pope called on them-whether rich or poor,
aristocrat or peasant-to unite under one banner and to free the holy land
from the Muslims. To him, this was "a holy war."
Historians describe Urban II as a good orator. He intended
to incite the Christians against Muslim Turks and Arabs, and succeeded
by alleging that the Muslim were assaulting pilgrims and that Christianity's
sacred places were being desecrated.1 Of
course, none of this was true.
As historians have confirmed, the Muslims were very tolerant
towards Christians and Jews, whom they permitted to pray and worship.
All minorities co-existing in the Holy Land benefited equally from this
atmosphere of tranquility, created by the moral code of Islam. But because
means of communication at the time were terribly primitive compared to
today's, medieval Europeans weren't aware of this. Owing allegiance to
the Vatican in Rome and conducting services in Latin, they knew little
about the Eastern Orthodox Church or the Greek-speaking Byzantium, and
even less about Islam.
Since what the common people did know amounted to nothing
more than hearsay, the Pope found it easy to excite their emotions. Urban
II went on to proclaim as an encouragement that for those who participated
in the crusade, all sins would be forgiven. The exuberant crowd was distributed
fabric crosses to emblazon their garments, and they dispersed to spread
the word of the "holy war."
The overwhelming response to this call made history. In a
very short period of time, a massive "crusaders' army" was assembled,
consisting of not only professional warriors, but also ten thousands of
Some historians suggest that the impoverished kings of Christendom,
eager to exploit the fabled riches of the East, pressurized the Pope to
call a "holy war." Others find an altogether different motive for Pope
Urban II, suggesting that he wished to gain power and prestige for himself
at the expense of a rival claiming to be pope. But in reality, all the
various kings, princes, aristocrats and others who obliged this call did
so for worldly purposes. As Donald Queller of the University of Illionois
put it, "the French knights wanted more land. Italian merchants hoped
to expand trade in Middle Eastern ports. . . Large numbers of poor people
joined the expeditions simply to escape the hardships of their normal
On the way, greedy hordes murdered countless Muslims and
Jews in the hope of finding gold and jewels. Among crusaders, it was common
practice to disembowel their victims in the hopes that they might have
swallowed their gold and jewels to hide them. In the Fourth Crusade, their
avarice reached the point where they looted Christian Constantinople,
scratching gold leaf off the frescos in the Cathedral of Hagia Sophia.
Barbarism of the Crusaders
In the summer of 1096, this mob of self-appointed crusaders
set off in three separate groups, each taking a different route to Constantinople,
where they met up with one another. The Byzantine Emperor, Alexius I,
did what he could to aid this force, comprising 4,000 mounted knights
and 25,000 infantry troops.3 Raymond
IV of Saint-Gilles, Count of Toulouse;Bohemond, Duke of Taranto; Godfrey
of Bouillon;Hugh, Count of Vermandois;and Robert, Duke of Normandy commanded
this army. Bishop Adhemar of le Puy, the close friend of Urban II, was
their spiritual leader.4
After ransacking and setting fire to many settlements and
putting countless Muslims to the sword, eventually the crusaders reached
Jerusalem in 1099. After a siege of approximately five weeks, the city
fell. When the victors finally entered Jerusalem, according to one historian,
"They killed all the Saracens and the Turks they found... whether male
Crusaders slaughtered everyone they met and looted everything
they could get their hands on. They murdered indiscriminately those who
had taken refuge in the mosques, whether young or old, and devastated
the Muslim and Jewish holy sites and places of worship setting the city's
synagogues aflame, burning alive Jews who had hidden inside. This slaughter
continued until no longer could they find anyone to kill.6
One of the crusaders, Raymond of Aguiles, boasts of this
Wonderful sights were to be seen. Some of our men (and this
was more merciful) cut off the heads of their enemies; others shot them
with arrows, so that they fell from the towers; others tortured them longer
by casting them into flames. Piles of heads, hands and feet were to be
seen in the streets of the city. It was necessary to pick one's way over
the bodies of men and horses. But these were small matters compared to
what happened at the Temple of Solomon, a place where religious services
are normally chanted . . . in the temple and the porch of Solomon, men
rode in blood up to their knees and bridle reins.7
engraving depicting the crusaders' occupation of Jerusalem
Medieval Age drawing of Templars in Jerusalem
In The Monks of War, researcher Desmond Seward narrates
the events of these tragic days:
Jerusalem was stormed in July 1099. The rabid ferocity of
its sack showed just how little the Church had succeeded in Christianising
atavistic instincts. The entire population of the Holy City was put to
the sword, Jews as well as Moslems, 70,000 men, women and children perished
in a holocaust, which raged for three days. In places men waded in blood
up to their ankles and horsemen were splashed by it as they rode through
According to another historical source, the number of Muslims
pitilessly slaughtered was 40,000.9 Whatever
the actual number of the dead, what the crusaders committed in the Holy
Land has gone down in history as an example of matchless barbarism.
The first crusade ended with the fall of Jerusalem in 1099.
After 460 years of Muslim rule, the Holy Land came under Christian control.
The crusaders established a Latin kingdom that stretched from Palestine
to Antioch and made Jerusalem its capital city.
Thereafter, the crusaders began struggling to establish themselves
in the Middle East. But to sustain the state they had founded, they needed
to organize themselves-and to achieve his, they established unprecedented
military orders. Members of these orders had emigrated from Europe and,
in Palestine, lived a monastic life of sorts. At the same time, they trained
for war against the Muslims. One of these orders went down a different
route, undergoing a change that would significantly alter the course of
history in Europe and-eventually-the world: the Knights Templar.
Founding of the Knights Templar
14th-century drawing of the Temple of Solomon
About 20 years after the conquest of Jerusalem and the creation
of a Latin Empire, the Templars first appeared on the scene of history.
Otherwise known as Templars or Knights Templar, the order's full and proper
name was Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonis, or "Poor Fellow-Soldiers
of Christ and the Temple of Solomon." (A major part of the information
we have today on the Templars was recorded by the 12th century historian
Guillaume of Tyre.) The order was founded in 1118 by nine knights: Hugues
de Payens, Geoffrey de St. Omer, Rossal, Gondamer, Geoffrey Bisol, Payen
de Montdidier, Archambaud de St. Agnat, Andre de Montbard, and the Hugh
Conte de Champagne.
Thus was quietly born one of the most talked-about, effective
and powerful organizations of Medieval Europe. These nine knights presented
themselves to Baldwin II, the Emperor of Jerusalem, asking him to assign
them the responsibility of protecting the lives and property of the many
Christian pilgrims now flocking to Jerusalem from all over Europe. The
Emperor knew Hugues de Payens, the first Grand Master of the order, well
enough to grant the nine their request. Accordingly, the district where
Solomon's Temple once stood (and by then, included the site of the al-Aqsa
Mosque, which survives to this day), was allocated to the order of the
Templars, giving the order its name.
The Temple Mount thus remained the order's headquarters for the next 70
years until, following the battle of Hattin, the great Islamic commander
Saladin reconquered Jerusalem for the Muslims.
The Templars had established themselves there by choice,
because the site of the Temple represented the earthly power of the Prophet
Solomon; and the remnants of the temple contained big secrets. Protecting
the Holy Land and the Christian pilgrims was the official reason the nine
founders gave for joining forces and for creating the order in the first
place. But the true reason behind it all was altogether different.
The Order's Mission
At the time, there were a number of other orders of warrior
monks in Jerusalem, but all acting according to their charters. Besides
training as soldiers, the Knights of St. John-a large organization also
known as the Knights Hospitalers-took care of the sick and the poor and
were performing other good deeds in the Holy Land. The Templars, however,
had taken it upon themselves to protect the lands between Haifa and Jerusalem-a
physical impossibility for the nine knights to shoulder all by themselves.
Even then, it was now obvious that they sought political as well as economic
gains, quite aside from performing works of charity.
The famous Grand Master Albert Pike, with his
book titled Morals and Dogma
In Morals And Dogma, one of Freemasonry's most popular books,
Grand Master Albert Pike (1809-1891) reveals the Templars' true purpose:
In 1118, nine Knights Crusaders in the East, among whom were
Geoffroi de Saint-Omer and Hughes de Payens, consecrated themselves to
religion, and took an oath between the hands of the Patriarch of Constantinople,
a See always secretly or openly hostile to that of Rome from the time
of Photius. The avowed object of the Templars was to protect the Christians
who came to visit the Holy Places: their secret object was the rebuilding
of the Temple of Solomon on the model prophesied by Ezekiel...10
The Knights Templar, he continued, were from the very beginning
"devoted to . . . opposition to the tiara of Rome and the crown of its
Chiefs. . ." The object of the Templars, he said, was to acquire influence
and wealth, then to "intrigue and at need fight to establish the Johannite
or Gnostic and Kabbalistic dogma. . ."
Adding to the information that Pike provides, the English
authors of The Hiram Key, Christopher Knight and Robert Lomas-both Masons-write
about the Templars' origin and purpose. According to them, the Templars
discovered "a secret" in the ruins of the temple. This then changed their
worldview; and from then on, they adopted un-Christian teachings. Their
"protection for pilgrims" became a front behind which they hid their real
intent and activities.
There is no evidence that these founding Templars ever gave
protection to pilgrims, but on the other hand, we were soon to find that
there is conclusive proof that they did conduct extensive excavations
under the ruins of Herod's Temple [as Solomon's temple was called after
Herod rebuilt it].11
The authors of The Hiram Key are not the only researchers
finding evidence for this. Writes the French historian,
The real task of the nine knights was to carry out research
in the area, in order to obtain certain relics and manuscripts which contain
the essence of the secret traditions of Judaism and ancient Egypt…12
In The Hiram Key, Knight and Lomas conclude
that the Templars excavated items of such importance at the site that
they adopted a wholly new world view. Many other historians draw similar
conclusions. The order's founders and their successors were all of Christian
upbringing, yet their philosophy of life was not a Christian one.
|Some seals and maps from the
era of the crusades: From left to right: A sketch showing the centers
of religious importance in Jerusalem; Seal of Frederick III; another
map of Jerusalem; front and back of the crusader king Baldwin's seal;
front and back of the Cesaree Archbishop's seal.
At the end of the 19th century, Charles Wilson of the Royal Engineers,
began conducting archeological research in Jerusalem. He concluded that
the Templars had gone to Jerusalem to study the temple's ruins and, from
the evidence Wilson obtained there, that the Templars had set themselves
up in the vicinity of the temple to facilitate excavation and research.
The tools that the Templars left behind form part of the evidence Wilson
gathered, and are now in the private collection of the Scottish Robert
According to the authors of The Hiram Key, the Templars'
search was not in vain. They made a discovery that altered their perception
of and outlook on the world entirely. Despite being born and raised in
a Christian society, they adopted wholly un-Christian practices. Black
magic rituals and rites and sermons of perverse content were common practice.
There is a general consensus among historians that these practices were
derived from on the Cabala.
Muslims and Christians during one of their
Map of Palestine showing the crusades
Cabala literally means "oral tradition." An esoteric branch of mystical
Judaism, the Cabala is also a school that researches the secret, hidden
and meanings of the Torah (or first five Books of Moses) and other Jewish
writings. There's more to it, however. A close examination of the Cabala
reveals that it actually precedes the Torah. A pagan teaching, it continued
to exist after the revelation of the Torah and lived on to spread amongst
the followers of Judaism. (For further reading on the subject, see Harun
Yahya's Global Freemasonry, Global Publishing, 2002)
For thousands of years, the Cabala has been a resource for
sorcery and practitioners of black magic and now enjoys a strong following
all around the world, not only in the Jewish community. The Templars were
one such group, engaged in research into the Cabala with the goal of acquiring
supernatural powers. As the following chapters will examine in detail,
they were keen on establishing ongoing relationships with Cabalists in
Jerusalem as well as in Europe-a view widely accepted by researchers working
on the subject.14
The Development of the Order
With new members joining their order, the Templars soon entered
a phase of rapid growth. In 1120, Foulgues d'Angers became a Knight Templar
and so did Hugo, Count of Champagne, in 1125. The enigma surrounding the
order and its mystic teachings drew the attention of many European aristocrats.
At the Council of Troyes in 1128, the Papacy officially recognized the
order of the Templars, which further aided their growth.15
A ship carrying the symbols of the Templars
Rome's recognition of the Templars is related in the Turkish
Masonic journal, Mimar Sinan:
To obtain the Papacy's approval of the order, Grand Master
Hugues de Payens, accompanied by five knights, paid a visit to Pope Honorius
II. The Grand Master submitted two letters-one from the patriarch of Jerusalem,
the other from King Baudoin II-setting forth the order's honorable mission,
its services to Christianity, and many another good deed. On the 13th
of January, 1128, the Council of Troyes convened. Present were many high-ranking
officials of the Church, including the Abbot of Citeaux, Etienne Harding,
and Bernard, the Abbot of Clairvaux. The Grand Master presented his case
once more. It was agreed that the Church would officially recognize the
order under the name of Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ. Bernard was commissioned
to prepare a Rule for the Templars. So, the order was officially founded.16
In the order's development and progress, the single most important person
is undoubtedly St. Bernard (1090-1153). Becoming the Abbot of Clairvaux
at the tender age of 25, he had risen in the Catholic Church's hierarchy
to become a respectable spokesman for the Church, influential with the
Pope as well as the French King. It must be added that he was a cousin
of Andre de Montbard, one of the founders of the order. The Templars'
Rule was written according the principles of the Cistercian Order to which
St. Bernard belonged-or short, the Templars adopted the rules and organization
of this monastic order. But most of their rule never went any further
than being written down and recognized: The Templars continued in their
un-Christian practices that the Church had strictly forbidden.
It's entirely possible that St. Bernard was duped, and that
he never knew the truth about the Templars who, taking advantage of his
trustworthiness and status in the Church and throughout Christian Europe,
used him for their own ends. He wrote a favorable appraisal of the order,
"De Laude Novae Militae" (In Praise of the New Knighthood) following Grand
Master Hugues de Payens's persistent requests for him to do so.17
Around that time, St. Bernard had become the
second most influential person in Christendom, after the Pope.
The famous explorer Vasco de Gama was a Templar who set sail to discover
new ocean trading routes. Above: Vasco de Gama's ship with the Templars
Cross on its sails.
One source illustrates the importance of Bernard's support
of the Templars:
Bernard's document, "De Laude Novae Militae", swept through
Christendom like a tornado, and in no time the number of Templar recruits
increased. At the same time donations, gifts and bequests, from Monarchs
and Barons throughout Europe, were arriving regularly on the Templar doorstep.
With a staggering rapidity, the fledgling little band of nine knights
grew into what we refer to as Templar, Inc.18
"Shall I tell you upon whom the satans descend?
They descend on every evil liar. They give them a hearing and most
of them are liars." (Qur'an, 26: 221-223)
The Cabala is a mystic synthesis between pagan teachings preceding
the Torah and Judaism. For centuries, the Cabala has been associated
with sorcery and was a source of inspiration for the Templars' perverse
With this document, the Templars obtained unprecedented privileges not
granted to other orders and-according to Alan Butler and Stephen Dafoe,
known for their research is this field-became the most successful military,
commercial and financial organization in Medieval Europe. As their legend
and renown spread from mouth to mouth, they became a multinational company
with seemingly unlimited capital and financial resources and ten of thousands
of trained employees:
Recruits, and offers of money and land came flowing in from
far and wide. Soon, numerous presbyteries, castles, farms and churches,
were built and occupied by the Templar Knights and their servants. The
Templars fitted out ships, creating both a merchant and fighting navy.
In time, they became the most famous warriors, travellers, bankers and
financiers of their day.19
In short, the Templars were an autonomous entity
answerable only to the Pope, with no obligation to pay dues to any king,
ruler or diocese. Their wealth increased day by day. In the Holy Lands,
the order's power was legendary and continued until the fall of Acre (1291).
They controlled the shipping routes from Europe to Palestine used by pilgrims,
but all these constituted just a fraction of the Templars' overall activities.
They had entered the scene as "Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ,"
but no description could have been less accurate. Amongst their ranks
were to be found the wealthiest people of Europe: leading bankers from
London and Paris, among whose customers were Blanche of Castile, Alphonso
de Poitiers, and Robert of Artois. The finance ministers of James I of
Aragon, and Charles I of Naples and the chief advisor of Louis VII of
France were all Templars.20
By the year 1147, 700 knights and 2,400 servants of the order
were stationed in Jerusalem. Across the known world, 3,468 castles had
become the Templars' property. They had established trading posts and
routes on both land and sea, had won war booty and spoils from the wars
they participated in. Among Europe's states, they were a political power
to be reckoned with, often called in to arbitrate between rulers during
times of conflict.
It is estimated that in the 13th century, the Templars numbered
160,000, of whom 20,000 were knights-in those times, constituting an undoubted
In The Temple and the Lodge, authors Michael Baigent and
Richard Leigh document the Templars' incredibly widespread influence throughout
Christian Europe. They were simply everywhere, even playing a role in
the signing of England's Magna Carta. Having amassed huge wealth, they
were the most powerful bankers of their time and also the largest fighting
force in the West. The Templars commissioned and financed cathedrals,
mediated in international transactions, and even supplied court chamberlains
to the ruling houses of Europe.
The Structure of the Order
One of the most interesting aspects of the Templars was their
emphasis on discretion. In the two hundred years between the order's founding
and its liquidation, they never compromised on secrecy. This, however,
is inexplicable by any standard of reason, logic, or common sense. If
they were truly devoted to the Catholic Church, there was no need for
this secrecy: All of Europe was under the sovereignty of the Papacy. If
they were merely following Christian teachings, then they had nothing
to hide and there was no need for secrecy. Why adopt secrecy as a fundamental
principle if you are in compliance with Church doctrine and your mission
is to uphold and defend Christianity-unless you are engaged in activities
incompatible with the Church?
Discipline was so very strictly observed within the order's
hierarchy that it can only be described as a chain of command. According
to the Templar rule, obedience to the Grand Master and Masters of the
order was paramount:
... if anything be commanded by the Master or by one to whom
he has given his power, it should be done without demur as if it were
a command from God.21
Ruins of castles and fortresses built by the
Templars in Europe and Palestine
The Templars were not allowed any personal possessions; everything remained
the property of their order. They also had their own unique dress code.
Over their armor, they wore a long white mantle emblazoned with a red
cross, so that they were recognized as Templars wherever they went. The
Red Cross symbol was assigned to the order by Pope Eugene III, who, incidentally,
had been tutored by St. Bernard.
There were three classes of Templars: Knights and warriors
of various ranks, men of religion, and finally servants. Other rules specific
to the order prohibited marriage, correspondence with relatives or a private
life.22 Meals were taken
together en masse. As portrayed on their seal-which depicted two knights
on one single horse-they were required to go about their business in pairs,
share everything, and eat from the same bowl. They addressed each other
as "my brother," and each Templar had the right to three horses and one
servant. Breach or disrespect of any of these rules was harshly punished.
Grooming and cleansing were considered an embarrassment,
so Templars rarely washed and went around filthy and stinking of sweat,
from the heat of wearing their armor. But according to history, the Templars
were good seafarers. From the surviving Jews and Arabs in the Holy Land,
they had acquired various maps and learned the sciences of geometry and
mathematics, enabling them to navigate not only along the shores of Europe
and along the African coast, but to explore lands and seas lying farther
Admission to the Order
Money and medallions
issued by the Templars, who invented the first banking system.
Before one could be considered for admission into the order,
he had to meet a number of preconditions. Among them, a man had to be
in good health, not married or indebted, without any obligations and not
bound by any other order, and willing to accept becoming a slave and servant
of the order.
The initiation ceremony was held in a domed chamber resembling
the Church of The Holy Sepulchre and was to be conducted in absolute secrecy.23
Just as in Freemasonry centuries later, esoteric
rituals had to be performed during this ceremony.
In his article titled "Tampliyeler ve Hurmasonlar" (Templars
and Freemasons) mason Teoman Biyikoglu refers to the order's rule of 1128
about the initiation ceremony:
The Master addresses the congregated brothers of the order:
"Dear brothers, some of you have proposed that Mr. X may be admitted to
the order. If any of you know of any reason to oppose his initiation,
say so now."
If no word of opposition is spoken, the candidate will be
led to the adjoining chamber of the temple. In this chamber, the candidate
is visited by three of the most senior brothers, told of the difficulties
and hardship awaiting him if he is admitted to the order, and then asked
whether he still wishes to be admitted. If his answer is affirmative,
he is asked whether he is married or engaged to be married, has links
to other orders, is indebted to anyone, is of good health, and whether
or not he is a slave.
If his answers to these questions comply with the requirements
of the order, the senior brothers will return to the temple and say, "We
told the candidate of all the hardships awaiting him and our conditions
of admission, but he is insistent on becoming a slave of the order." Before
being readmitted into the temple, the candidate is again asked whether
he still insists on being admitted. If he still answers yes, the Grand
Master addresses the candidate: "Brother, you are asking much of us. You
have seen only the façade of the order, and you hope to acquire pureblood
horses, honorable neighbors, good food and nice garments. But are you
aware of how hard our conditions really are?" Proceeding to list the difficulties
awaiting the candidate, he continues: "You must not seek admittance for
wealth, nor for status."
f the candidate agrees, he is again led out of the temple. The Grand
Master then asks the brothers whether they have anything to say about
the candidate. If there is nothing said against him, he is brought back,
made to kneel down, and given the Bible. He is asked if he is married.
If he answers no, the oldest or most senior in the congregation is asked,
"Have any questions that need to be asked been forgotten?" If the answer
is no, the candidate is asked to swear an oath that he will remain loyal
to the order and his brothers until the day he dies, and that he will
not reveal to the outside world a word that is spoken in the temple. After
he has sworn the oath, the Grand Master kisses the new brother on the
lips [according to another source he is kissed on the belly and neck].
He then is given a Templar mantle and a woven belt, which is never to
be taken off.24
According to Alan Butler and Stephen Dafoe, "The Templars
were expert financiers, using trading techniques quite unknown in the
Europe of their day. They had clearly learned many of these skills from
Jewish sources, but would have much more freedom to extend their financial
empire, in a way that any Jewish financier of the period would have envied
Even though usury was strictly forbidden, they weren't afraid
to lend money on interest. The Templars had acquired such wealth-and the
power that came with it-that nobody dared speak out against them or do
anything about it.26 This
so went to their heads that they went out of control. They were disobedient
to kings and the Pope and in some cases, even challenged their authority.
In 1303, for example, few years before their order was liquidated, they
refused a request for assistance from the French King Philip IV, as well
as his later request in 1306 for the Templars' order to merge with the
Travel could be a hazardous enterprise in the 12th century.
En route, wayfarers could be robbed by bandits anywhere and at anytime.
Transporting money, as well as other precious commodities essential for
trade, was particularly risky. Out of this situation, the Templars made
a fortune by means of a fairly simple system of banking. For example,
if a tradesman wanted to go from London to Paris, first he would go to
the Templars' office in London and hand over his money. In return, he
was given a paper with an encoded message written on it. On his arrival
in Paris, he could hand in this note in exchange for the money he'd paid
in London, minus a fee and interest. Thus the transaction was completed.
Along with traders, wealthy pilgrims too made use of this
system. "Checks" issued by Templars in Europe could be cashed in on arrival
in Palestine, minus a hefty interest charge for this service. In The Temple
and the Lodge, co-authors Michael Baigent and Richard Leigh explain the
Templars' economic dimension, recording that the beginnings of modern
banking can be traced back to them, and that no other organization contributed
as much as the Templars to the rise of capitalism.28
History records Florentine bankers as having
invented "checking accounts," yet the Templars were using this method
of money transfer long before. It is generally accepted that capitalism
first arose in the Jewish community of Amsterdam, but long before them,
the Templars had established their own medieval capitalism, including
banking based on interest. They lent money on interest rates of up to
60% and controlled a major proportion of capital flow and liquidity in
the economy of Europe.
Using methods much like those of a modern private bank, they
derived profits from both trade and banking, as well as from donations
and armed conflict. They became as rich as the multinational company that,
in effect, they were. At one time, the finances of the English and French
monarchies were controlled and run by the Templars' respective offices
in Paris and London, and both the French and English royal families owed
the Templars huge amounts of money.29 The
kings of Europe were literally at their mercy, hoping to borrow money,
and most royal households had come to depend on the order. This let them
manipulate the kings and their national policies for their own purposes.
The Enigma of the Templars and Gothic Architecture
|St. Bernard, spiritual leader of the Templars
After Innocent II was elected Pope with St. Bernard's backing,
he granted the Templars the right to build and run their own churches.
This was a first in the history of the Church, which ruled as an absolute
power at the time. This privilege meant that from now on, the Templars
were answerable only to the Pope and beyond the reach of other authorities,
including kings and lesser rulers. It also reduced their responsibilities
to the Papacy, letting them hold court, impose their own taxes and collect
them. Thus they could realize their worldly ambitions free of any pressure
from the Church.
In the process of planning their churches, they developed
their own style of architecture, later to be known as "Gothic." In The
Sign and the Seal, Graham Hancock states that Gothic architecture was
born in 1134 with the construction of the north tower of Chartres Cathedral.
The person behind this work of architecture was St. Bernard, the Templars'
mentor and spiritual leader. He felt it important that this construction
symbolize in stone the cabbalistic approach and the esotericism that the
Templars esteemed so highly. As Graham Hancock wrote, St. Bernard, the
patron of the Templars, "played a formative role in the evolution and
dissemination of the Gothic architectural formula in its early days (he
had been at the height of his powers in 1134 when the soaring north tower
of Chartres cathedral had been built, and he had constantly stressed the
principles of sacred geometry that had been put into practice in that
tower and throughout the whole wonderful building.)"
|A medieval engraving showing Jerusalem at the time
of the Templars
Elsewhere in the same book, the author writes:
The entire edifice had been carefully and explicitly designed
as a key to the deeper religious mysteries. Thus, for example, the a
rchitects and masons had made use of gematria (an ancient
Hebrew cipher that substitutes numbers for the letters of the alphabet)
to "spell out" obscure liturgical phrases in many of the key dimensions
of the great building. Similarly the sculptors and glaziers-working usually
to the instructions of the higher clergy-had carefully concealed complex
messages about human nature, about the past, and about the prophetic meaning
of the Scriptures in the thousands of different devices and designs that
they had created.
Characteristic examples of Gothic architecture
in some of Europe's cities
(For example, a tableau in the north porch depicts the removal,
to some unstated destination, of the Ark of the Covenant-which is shown
loaded upon an ox-cart. The damaged and eroded inscription, "HIC AMICITUR
ARCHA CEDERIS," which could be "Here is hidden the Ark of the Covenant."
Clearly he had regarded the Templars' architectural skills
as almost supernaturally advanced and had been particularly impressed
by the soaring roofs and arches that they had built. . . Soaring roofs
and arches had also been the distinguishing features of the Gothic architectural
formula as expressed at Chartres and other French cathedrals in the twelfth
century-cathedrals that . . . were regarded by some observers as "scientifically...
far beyond what can be allowed for in the knowledge of the epoch."30
The Battle of Hattin
Following the death of the Latin King Baldwin I in 1186,
Guy de Lusignan-who was known to be close to the Templars-succeeded to
the throne in Palestine. Reynald de Chatillon, Prince of Antioch, became
the new king's closest aide. After fighting in the Second Crusade, Reynald
had stayed behind in Palestine, where he became good friends with the
and silver swords belonging to Templars
Reynald's cruelty was well known in the Holy Land. On the
4th of July, 1187 the crusader armies fought their bloodiest battle at
Hattin. The army numbered 20,000 infantry and a thousand mounted knights.
Assembling this army stretched to the limit the resources of towns along
the border, leaving the others unprotected and vulnerable. The battle
ended with the virtual annihilation of the crusaders. Most lost their
lives, and every survivor was captured. Among the prisoners of war were
King Guy himself and the leading commanders of the Christian army
Drawing depicting the Templars' defeat at the Battle of Hattin
According to the Templars' own records, Saladin, the great
commander of the Muslim forces, was fair. Despite all the cruelty inflicted
on Palestine's Muslim population over the previous 100 years of Christian
rule, the defeated forces were not ill-treated. While most Christians
were pardoned, the Templars had been responsible for the savage attacks
carried out on the Muslim population, and for this reason, Saladin had
the Templars executed, along with the Grand Master of the order and Reynald
de Chatillon, both known for their inhumane cruelty. King Guy was freed
after only one year in captivity in the town of Nablus.
After Saladin's victory at Hattin, he advanced with his army and proceeded
to free Jerusalem. Despite serious losses, the Templars survived their
defeat in Palestine and along with other Christians, withdrew to Europe.
Most headed for France where, thanks to their privileged status, they
continued to increase their power and wealth. In time, they became the
"state within the state" in many European countries.
Acre, the crusaders' last stronghold in Palestine, was captured
by the Muslim army in 1291. With this, the original justification for
the Templars' existence-the protection of pilgrims in the Holy Land-disappeared
Now the Templars could concentrate all their efforts on Europe,
but needed a little time to adapt to this new situation. During this transitional
period, they relied on the help of their friends in the royal houses of
Europe, of whom the best-known was Richard the Lion-Hearted. His relationship
with the Templars was such that he was regarded as an Honorary Knight
Furthermore, Richard had sold to the Templars the Island
of Cyprus, which was to become the temporary base of their order, while
they strengthened their position in Europe to counteract their losses
Cyprus: A Temporary Base
In order to understand the links between Cyprus and the order,
we need to examine the events that culminated in the 3rd Crusade. By July
4, 1187, Jerusalem was conquered. Guy de Lusignan was taken prisoner the
same day to be freed a year later, after swearing an oath never to attack
the Muslims again.
Germany, France, and England made the joint decision to launch
the 3rd Crusade in order to retake Jerusalem. But before proceeding to
attack the Holy City, they considered it essential for their success to
first capture a harbor, where they could land troops and supplies. Acre
was selected; and King Philip of France and England's King Richard began
their sea journey
After King Richard's naval forces took Cyprus, Templar Master
Robert de Sable entered the scene with a proposal to purchase Cyprus from
Richard the Lion-Hearted. A price was fixed at 100,000 bezants (then gold
currency of Byzantium), and de Sable made a down payment of 40,000 bezants.
This sum, available so soon after the defeat at Hattin, is enough to illustrate
the order's financial strength.
In 1291, Acre fell to the Muslim army. As the Christian presence
in Palestine came to an end, the Templars moved on. Some settled in Cyprus,
later to serve as their temporary base in the Mediterranean. The Templars
had been hoping to acquire a kingdom, such as the Teutonic Knights had
won for themselves in northern Europe, except they wanted theirs in center
of Europe-preferably in France.
In Europe, under the guidance of their Master based in France,
the rest of the Templars carried on their usual activities, with an unequalled
degree of freedom. The Grand Master enjoyed a status on a par with kings;
the Templars owned land in most countries of Christendom, from Denmark
to Italy. A massive warrior army formed the basis of their political power.
Because all the ruling houses of Europe were indebted to the Templars,
they feared that their future was threatened.
The throne of England was seriously indebted to the order.
King John had emptied the coffers of the treasury between 1260 and 1266
in order to finance his military operations; and Henry III, likewise,
borrowed heavily from the Knights Templar.32
The situation in France was such that the Templars offices in Paris housed
their own treasury as well as the state's and the treasurer of the order
was also the treasurer of the King. The Royal household's finances were
thus under the control of the Templars and dependent on them.33
Decadence and Its Unmasking
After Christian presence in the Holy Land ended on June 16th,
1291, the Templars returned to Europe. Even though their original purpose-protecting
European pilgrims-had ceased to exist, they kept on strengthening their
power base, increasing their number of soldiers and amassing ever greater
fortunes. But from this date onward, events began to turn against the
While their numbers and their wealth were on the rise, their
greed, arrogance and tyranny increased accordingly. By now, the Knights
Templar had grown apart from the Catholic Church's teachings, beliefs,
and practices. In general, no longer did any European have anything to
say in their favor. In France, expressions like "to drink like a Templar"
were common and widespread. In Germany, "Tempelhaus" meant whorehouse,
and if anyone acted in an unacceptably arrogant way, he was said "to be
proud as a Templar."34
THE BARBARITY OF RICHARD THE LION-HEARTED
Richard the Lion-Hearted had a close relationship
with the Templars. Despite his glorious title of "Lionheart," he
was a cruel and merciless ruler.
When he and his crusader army reached Palestine,
they came to Acre, which had then been besieged for two years by
the last remaining Christian army in Palestine. Facing the crusaders
was Saladin's army which, despite many attempts, hadn't managed
to break the siege and relieve the 3,000 Muslims inside the Acre
castle. With the arrival of Richard the Lion-Hearted, Acre's already
weakened resistance was weakened further. In the end, on July 12th,
1192, Acre fell. This was the crusaders' first victory after their
defeat at the Battle of Hattin.
3,000 Muslims lived in the town, more than half
of them women and children. Richard demanded a huge sum as ransom
for the lives of his 3,000 captives. Saladin agreed, but could not
raise the requested sum at once, so installments were agreed upon.
Some had already been paid when one was delayed. On August 20th
Richard, who had grown tired of sitting and waiting, decided to
slaughter all 3,000 Muslim prisoners. His soldiers placed the block
on the front walls of the castle and, one by one, beheaded all of
the 3,000. It took them three whole days. On the right, this act
of barbarism is depicted from a Christian perspective.
The kingdoms of Europe, especially France, were angered by the Templars'
political intrigues and shadowy designs. After having plenty of opportunity
to get acquainted with them, people started to realize that their order
was not comprised of genuinely religious knights. Finally in 1307, Philip
the Fair, King of France, and Pope Clement V realized that the Templars
were seeking to change not only Europe's religious landscape, but its
political balance as well. In October 1307, they moved in on the Templars,
with the view of liquidating this decadent, treacherous order.35
The Templars' True Face
Modest missionaries, fighting for Christianity-this was how
the Templars presented themselves to the ordinary people. Undeservedly,
they were perceived to be saints of great virtue, mentors of Christianity,
devoted to aiding the poor and the needy. It's amazing that they managed
to create such a positive image while leading lives contrary to Christian
teachings and, on the way acquiring status and wealth through donations,
trade, banking and even looting. The few who discovered their true identity
did not dare to speak out against this powerful order. Philip, King of
France, feared the dangers their financial strength could create for him.
was high time to unmask the Templars. As a Masonic writer of the 18th
The war, which for the greater number of warriors of good
faith proved the source of weariness, of losses and misfortunes, became
for them [the Templars] only the opportunity for booty and aggrandizement,
and if they distinguished themselves by a few brilliant actions, their
motive soon ceased to be a matter of doubt when they were seen to enrich
themselves even with the spoils of the confederates, to increase their
credit by the extent of the new possessions they had acquired, to carry
arrogance to the point of rivalling crowned princes in pomp and grandeur,
to refuse their aid against the enemies of the faith... and finally to
ally themselves with that horrible and sanguinary prince named the Old
Man of the Mountain Prince of the Assassins.36
The Templars became increasingly confident and impertinent
in their practices and in disseminating their teachings, trusting in the
unjustifiably positive image they had managed to create throughout society.
This in turn led to an increase in the numbers who witnessed their perversion
and began to whisper about it.
Whatever might the Templars be doing behind the closed doors
of their palaces? The knights' avarice, inhumanity, greed and zeal, already
well known, awakened the curiosity of the locals, the clergy, and the
monarchy. The Papacy was almost certain that this group, which it could
no longer control, was living an irreligious life and abusing the privileges
it had granted them.
Rumors and complaints circulated about the Templars. There
were increasingly credible accusations that they engaged in forbidden
practices and other wrongdoing and that was why they operated under strict
secrecy. People had begun to whisper of secret rites performed in their
palaces, rituals of Satanist worship, and various immoral relationships.
All these rumors were combined with actual fact-what servants
in Templar palaces and the people living in the vicinity of them witnessed
and reported. The Papacy found itself in a predicament, not knowing what
to do. Clement V, elected Pope in 1305, was trying to calculate the damage
to Christianity-and therefore, to the Vatican-and how to minimize its
effects. At the same time, he had to put an end to constant pressure from
regional dioceses and the King of France. Meanwhile, in Cyprus, Jacques
de Molay, leader of the Templars, was making preparations for war, as
the order had not given up hope to go back in the Middle East. He was
recalled to France and ordered by the Pope to investigate these allegations.
All this, however, was unacceptable to the French King. He
quickly passed a new law, under which he had the Templars arrested. On
October 13, 1309, they were accused in the courts with the following charges:
1. That during the reception ceremony, new brothers
were required to deny Christ, God, The Virgin or the Saints on the command
of those receiving them.
2. That the brothers committed various sacrilegious
acts either on the cross or on an image of Christ.
3. That the receptors practiced obscene kisses on
new entrants, on the mouth, navel or buttocks.
4. That the priests of the Order did not consecrate
the host, and that the brothers did not believe in the sacraments.
5. That the brothers practiced idol worship of a
cat or a head.
6. That the brothers encouraged and permitted the
practice of sodomy.
7. That the Grand Master, or other officials, absolved
fellow Templars from their sins.
8. That the Templars held their reception ceremonies
and chapter meetings in secret and at night.
9. That the Templars abused the duties of charity
and hospitality and used illegal means to acquire property and increase
Perversion in the Templars' Faith and Practice
The documents at hand, together with the allegation made
against the Templars, demonstrated that this was no ordinary order of
knights. It was a darker organization altogether: one of perverted faith,
frightening methods, and cunning strategies. It was well organized and
well prepared, always scheming, always ready and dangerous, and-unlike
anything seen before-forward thinking, with comprehensive plans for the
Templars worshipped the idol Baphomet, thought to symbolize Satan.
During their time in the Middle East, the Templars had established
and maintained contact with mystic sects belonging to different religions
and denominations, including sorcerers. They were known to have close
links to the hashashis (assassins) who, while influential, were regarded
as a perverted sect by the Muslim population. From them, the Templars
had learned some mystic teachings and barbaric strategies, as well as
how to organize a sect. As will be seen in the coming chapters, the order's
higher echelons in particular had also acquainted themselves with-and
incorporated into their practice-beliefs based on the mystic teachings
of the Cabala, the influence of the Bogomils, and Luciferians, thus leaving
Christianity behind. According to the Templars, Jesus was a god ruling
in another world, with little or no power in our present one. Satan was
the lord of this material world of ours.
Now the rumors were confirmed: Candidates for the order were
indeed required to deny God, Christ and the Saints, committed sacrilegious
acts, spit and urinate onto the holy Cross, be kissed square on the mouth
with the "Oscolum Infame" or "The Kiss of Shame" on the navel and buttocks
by the more senior Knights Templars, during the initiation ceremony. That
they freely practiced homosexuality and other sexual perversions, that
the Grand Master wielded total authority over everything, that they practiced
rituals of sorcery and used Cabalistic symbolism was clear evidence that
the order had had become a sect blasphemous to Christianity. Their questioning
revealed yet another of their unorthodox practices: Without being specific,
they had admitted to idolatry, but during their ongoing interrogation,
it gradually emerged that without any doubt, they were worshipping Satan.
The Templars revered an idol of Baphomet; a demon with the head of a goat,
whose image was later to become the symbol of The Church of Satan. From
Peter Underwood's Dictionary of the Occult and Supernatural:
Baphomet was the deity worshipped by the Knights Templar,
and in Black Magic was the source and creator of evil; the Satanic goat
of the witches' Sabbath…38
During their trial, almost all Templars mentioned
having worshipped Baphomet. This idol they described as having a scary
human head, a long beard and frightening, shining eyes. They also mentioned
human skulls and idols of cats. The consensus among historians is that
all these figures are objects of Satanic worship. The demon Baphomet has
ever since been an object of Satanic veneration. Details about Baphomet
were later conveyed by Eliphas Levi; a 19th-century Cabalist and occultist,
whose drawings illustrate Baphomet as having a goat's head with two faces,
and a winged human body that is female above the waist and whose lower
half is male.
the European monarchs indebted to the Templars was the England's
|A historic document describing the abolition
of the Knights Templar s
Most Templars confessed that they didn't believe in Jesus because they
held him to be "a false prophet"; that they had committed acts of homosexuality
during the admission ceremony as well as afterwards, that they worshipped
idols and practiced Satanism. All these admissions entered the court records,
and following their trial, most of the Templars were imprisoned.
Much has been said about the Templars' homosexual practices,
and it has been suggested that their insignia-of two riders on the back
of one horse-represented this custom. In his novel Foucault's Pendulum,
Umberto Eco extensively touches upon this aspect of the Templars.39
After their confessions in the courts of the French King,
the Pope himself interrogated 72 of the Templars. They were asked to swear
an oath to tell the truth and then, proceed to confirm that their previ-
ous confessions were truthful: that they rejected belief
in Jesus, that they spat on the holy cross and committed all the other
acts of perversion they'd admitted to. They then knelt down and asked
The Templars' confessions made references
to perverted sexual practices. Homosexuality was rife between the
It is said that the Templars' official seal symbolizes
this kind of relationship.
The interrogation of the Templars culminated in the dissolution
of their order. In 1314, Grand Master Jacques de Molay was burned at the
stake. Templars who had managed to escape arrest by fleeing to other countries
were pursued throughout the whole of Christendom. Other countries including
Italy and Germany followed suit, arresting and interrogating the Templars
they could apprehend. But for various reasons, some countries offered
the Templars refuge. On November 10, 1307, England's Edward II wrote the
Pope that he would not persecute the Templars and that in his country,
they would remain safe. But two years later, after interrogating the Templars,
the Pope issued a Papal Bull declaring that the Templars' "unspeakable
wickednesses and abominable crimes of notorious heresy" had now "come
to the knowledge of almost everyone." Upon reading it, King Edward agreed
to prosecute the Templars.
Finally, at the Council of Vienne in France in 1312, the
Order of the Knights Templar was officially declared illegal in all of
Europe, and captured Templars were punished. On March 22nd, Clement V
issued a Papal Bull under the name of Vox in Excelso (A Voice from on
High), in which the order was declared to be dissolved and-on paper, at
least-its existence erased from the official records:
... Hark, a voice of the people from the city! a voice from
the temple! the voice of the Lord rendering recompense to his enemies.
The prophet is compelled to exclaim: Give them, Lord, a barren womb and
dry breasts. Their worthlessness has been revealed because of their malice.
Throw them out of your house, and let their roots dry up; let them not
bear fruit, and let not this house be any more a stumbling block of bitterness
or a thorn to hurt.
. . . Indeed a little while ago, about the time of our election
as supreme pontiff before we came to Lyons for our coronation, and afterwards,
both there and elsewhere, we received secret intimations against the master,
preceptors and other brothers of the order of Knights Templar of Jerusalem
and also against the order itself.
. . . [T]he holy Roman church honoured these brothers and
the order with her special support, armed them with the sign of the cross
against Christ's enemies, paid them the highest tributes of her respect,
and strengthened them with various exemptions and privileges; and they
experienced in many and various ways her help and that of all faithful
Christians with repeated gifts of property. Therefore it was against the
lord Jesus Christ himself that they fell into the sin of impious apostasy,
the abominable vice of idolatry, the deadly crime of the Sodomites, and
The Templars Go Underground
Liquidating the order of the Templars proved harder than
anticipated. Even though Grand Master de Molay and many of his brothers
had been eliminated, the order survived, albeit by going underground.
In France alone, there were more than 9,000 representatives to be found
and across the countries of Europe, thousands of castles and other strongholds
were still in their possession. According to historical sources of the
time, the Inquisition had captured and punished only 620 out of a total
of 2,000 knights. It has since been estimated that the knights' actual
grand total was in the vicinity of 20,000, each of whom had a team of
seven or eight Templars of other professions at his service. A simple
calculation based on eight Templars per knight gives us a total number
of 160,000 organizing and carrying out the order's activities, including
shipping and commerce. The Pope and the French King couldn't possibly
locate and confiscate all of their property. This network of active members
across Europe and along the Mediterranean coast, 160,000 strong, was the
largest logistical force of their time. In terms of property, they could
measure up to any king and this wealth assured their protection and safety.
Despite the Papacy's claim that the Templars had been annihilated, not
only did they survive the Inquisition by going underground, but they kept
on being active, especially in England and in Northern Europe:
Templars' world view and philosophy were greatly influenced by the
Jewish mystic teachings of the Cabala. Above, a medieval Cabalic
piece of 16th-century Cabalist writing
[I]n the years following the loss of the Holy Land, the Templars had
shown a continuing desire to create a 'state' of their own. . . [W]e are
now left in no doubt that the Templars indeed manage, against all odds,
to carve out their own nation. It wasn't some Eldorado in the New World,
nor a hidden kingdom of the Prester John variety in darkest Africa. In
fact the Templars remained absolutely central to everything that was happening
in Europe, and what is more they were partly instrumental in the formation
of the Western World as we know it today. The Templar State was, and is,
| King Philippe of France, who ordered the arrest
of the Templars
In order to carry on their activities in safety, Templars
escaping persecution and arrest in France and some other countries of
Europe needed to regroup somewhere. They chose the confederation of cantons
now known as Switzerland. The Templars' influence in Switzerland's formation
and traditional makeup can still be easily recognized today. Alan Butler,
a Mason and co-author of The Warriors and the Bankers is an expert on
the subject of Templars. In a discussion forum held in 1999, of he said:
There are a few important reasons why this [that the Knights
Templar went to Switzerland after their liquidation] is likely to have
been the case. For example:
1. The founding of the embryonic Switzerland conforms exactly
to the period when the Templars were being persecuted in France.
2. Switzerland is just to the east of France and would have
been particularly easy for fleeing Templar brothers from the whole region
of France to get to.
3. In the history of the first Swiss Cantons, there are tales
of white-coated knights mysteriously appearing and helping the locals
to gain their independence against foreign domination.
4. The Templars were big in banking, farming and engineering
(of an early type). These same aspects can be seen as inimical to the
commencement and gradual evolution of the separate states that would eventually
5. The famous Templar Cross is incorporated into the flags
of many of the Swiss Cantons. As are other emblems, such as keys and lambs,
that were particularly important to the Knights Templar.42
A significant number of Templars found refuge in Scotland,
the only monarchy in 14th century Europe that didn't recognize the authority
of the Catholic Church. Reorganizing under the protection of King Robert
the Bruce, they soon found the perfect camouflage to hide their existence
in the British Isles. Outside of the state and local governments, the
Masons' Lodges were the most powerful organizations of the time, and and
the Templars first infiltrated them, then brought them under control.
Lodges that had been professional bodies were turned into ideological
and political organizations, which are now the Freemason Lodges of today.
(This is what Masons call "progress from operational to speculative Masonry")
Another Masonic source estimates that between 30,000 and
40,000 Templars escaped the Inquisition by wearing Masons' cloth and mingling
with them. So as to flee abroad, others obtained and used the "Laissez
passer" (free passage) given to Masons.
Some Templars escaped to Spain and entered orders like the
Caltrava, Alcantra, and Santiago del Espada, while others moved on to
Portugal and they renamed themselves the Order of Christ. Still others
fled to the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation and joined the Teuton
knights, while another large group of Templars is known to have joined
the Hospitalers. In England, the Templars were arrested and interrogated,
but quickly released again. In still other countries, the Templars remained
The Templars seemed to have disappeared from the history
until 1804; when Bernard-Raymond Fabré Palaprat became Grand Master. Truly
interesting is an accidental discovery he made in 1814… In one of the
bookstalls along the river Seine in Paris, he came upon a handwritten
Bible of the Yuhanna translation in the Greek language. The Bible's last
two chapters were missing; and in their place were notes divided by-and
containing-numerous triangles. Examining these notes a bit closer, he
realized that this was a document listing the Grand Masters of the Templars,
beginning with the fifth Grand Master, Bertrand de Blanchefort ( 1154),
through the 22nd, Jacques de Molay, the 23rd Larmenius of Jerusalem (1314)
and then on to Grand Master Claudio Mateo Radix de Chevillon (1792). This
document suggested that Jacques de Molay passed the title of Grand Master
on to Larmenius of Jerusalem. It could be concluded that the Templars
never ceased to exist. They live on today in the lodges of Freemasonry.
In Foucault's Pendulum, Umberto Eco writes:
After Beaujeu, the order has never ceased to exist, not for
a moment, and after Aumont we find an uninterrupted sequence of Grand
Masters of the Order down to our own time, and if the name and seat of
the true Grand Master and the true Seneschals who rule the Order and guide
its sublime labors remain a mystery today, an impenetrable secret known
only to the truly enlightened, it is because the hour of the Order has
not struck and the time is not ripe…43
Many sources suggest that after the death of Jacques de Molay,
survivors of the order planned a conspiracy. Supposedly, the Templars
sought to bring down not only the Papacy, but the kingdoms that had declared
them illegal and executed their Grand Master. This secret mission was
handed down through generations of members, preserved and maintained by
later organizations like the Illuminati and Freemasons. It's widely accepted
that the Masons played a major role in the downfall of the French monarchy
and the ensuing Revolution. When Louis XVI was guillotined in a public
square in Paris, one of the onlookers shouted, "Jacques de Molay, you
have been avenged!"
We'll examine these events in greater detail in the coming