Lessons in History

If we can't learn from History, then we're set to repeat the same mistakes
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Medieval maps of Europe and the Middle East


Europe and the Middle East looked very different back in the Medieval times. To understand what may have happened you have to look at who controlled what territory shortly after the Templars were “disbanded”.


What you will see is that most of Europe was under control of France or the Western Roman Empire and very importantly most of the Mediterranean coast (the modern day Cote d'Azur, Monaco, Antibes, etc.) was NOT part of France. Neither was what is now Savoie and Haute-Savoie which was under control of the Duchy of Savoy. Also notable is the area controlled by the House of Luxemburg, Duchy of Burgundy, Aquitaine, and Brittany.


In the South East things are very different you will see most of the area is controlled by the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium) and very importantly the Knights of St. John. Also notable are the areas under other Latin powers and Venice.


For more information and to see how the region changed before and after, visit the Perry Castaneda map collection at the University of Texas where you will find Central and South East European maps.



From the Atlas to Freeman's Historical Geography, Edited by J.B. Bury, Longmans Green and Co. Third Edition 1903

 Central Europe (1360)
South East Europe (1340)